Fact Sheet #1 UNDERSTANDING MULE DEER AND WINTER FEEDING Fact Sheet #2 BACKGROUND - Supplemental winter-feeding programs, despite broad social appeal and acceptance, are expensive, can negatively affect mule deer behavior and biology, and save very few deer. The rump patch may be white or yellow, while the throat patch is white. The first Estes valley settlers within the early 1860’s found a moderately abundant this deer numbers. b.) Mule deer are a large species of deer that live in North America. Enjoy this quick video by Ranger Diana from the Wyler Aerial Tramway, as she covers a ton of really neat mule deer facts! (Image credit: Wikimedia Commons user Hustvedt) Mule deer are brownish-gray in color, have a white rump patch and a small white tail with a black tip. The most important thing you should know is that it doesn’t take years of preference points to draw a good mule deer license in Colorado! For one, the mule deer’s tail has a black-tip, while the whitetail does not. Ecology. Write. Mating season occurs in autumn when does come into estrus for a period lasting only several days. Mule deer, (Odocoileus hemionus), a medium-sized, gregarious deer of western North America that derives its name from its large ears. Only the underside of the white-tailed deer’s tail is white, while the mule deer’s tail is all-white with a black tip and is much smaller. What does it take to draw a mule deer license? Life History. Instead of eating large quantities of low-quality feed like grass, they must select the most nutritious plants and parts of plants. While they look like their relative, the whitetail deer, this species lives mostly in the western United States. They usually have a distinctive black forehead, or mask, that contrasts sharply with a light grey face. Odocoileus hemionus. They are distributed throughout western North America from the coastal islands of Alaska, down the West Coast to southern Baja Mexico and from the northern border of the Mexican state of Zacatecas, up through the Great Plains to the Canadian provinces of Saskatchewan, Alberta, British Columbia and the southern Yukon Territory. or less commonly in a thin tuft of white hairs (see photo of a young Mule deer). Instead of eating large quantities of low-quality feed like grass, deer must select the most nutritious plants and parts of plants. The pelage of mule deer ranges from dark brown gray, dark and light ash-gray to brown and even reddish. A mule deer missing an antler. The female deer are smaller than the male. Deer digestive tracts differ from cattle and elk in that they have a smaller rumen in relation to their body size, so they must be more selective in their feeding. Joined Apr 13, 2020 Messages 8. neffa3 said: Green gulch road is open during Oct and Nov for motor vehicles 48" in width and under. kristen_vingoe. Again, this is over the weight of a grown adult male, so you can get an idea of how big and heavy this type of deer can be. Ecological Applications. 2019. Mule deer usually live 9-11 years in the wild and can live to be much older when in captivity. Where to forage when afraid: Does perceived risk impair use of the foodscape? They are brownish-gray in color, have a white rump patch and a small white tail with a black tip. The average lifespan is around 10 years. The deer earned its name due to its mule-like ears which were not found in white-tailed deer. The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) lives in the western Missouri River of North America. Through-out the range of mule deer, migrations occur in the fall and spring as animals travel between winter and sum-mer ranges. Whitetail deer facts that will tell you all about Bambi's species. Cinnamon is a very common color for them. But even if you’re a nonresident, there are many good mule deer hunts that can be drawn with very few points. Gravity. Mule Deer Facts Mule deer are simple to identify due to their large mule-like ears. Mule deer are generally easy to identify due to their large mule-like ears (generally 3/4 the length of the head). 3. There are over 90 species of deer in the world, but the most common in the US are the white-tailed deer and mule deer. Discover its origins, biology, and other uniquely morbid behavior here. ENCOUNTERING NEWBORN DEER FAWNS Fact Sheet #26 EARLY LIFE BEHAVIOR Shortly after birth, mule deer fawns exhibit hiding behavior to avoid detection and maximize survival. Interesting facts: Mule deer antlers “fork” as they grow. Mature white-tailed deer bucks frequently have eight total points, including the brow tines. Migration allows mule deer to avoid deep snow and other harsh conditions during winter and take Odocoileus virginianus b.) Occasionally, whitetail bucks grow “non-typical” antlers, in other words antlers that contain unusual or odd tines. These large deer are quite unique creatures. What are the differences between mule deer antlers and those of a white-tailed deer. Fact Sheet #1 UNDERSTANDING MULE DEER AND ANTLER POINT RESTRICTIONS Fact Sheet #6 BACKGROUND Increasing the number of big-antlered bucks is typically the basis for hunter demands to implement antler point restrictions. Each spring, a buck’s antlers start to regrow almost immediately after the old antlers are shed. They are so-named because of their large ears that look like a mule's ears. Although mule deer and black-tailed deer are the same species, the mule deer’s mitochondrial DNA, which is passed down … a.) The ability to migrate is essential for mule deer to travel to, and access, important seasonal habitats. Bucks older than yearlings often group together or remain solitary. Mule deer have long ears that move independently and constantly, just like ears of mules. Besides humans, the three leading predators of mule deer are coyotes, wolves, and cougars. Mule deer weight ranges between 95 and 330 pounds. Mule deer prefer open grasslands and perk-lands, or forest edge ecosystems. In fact, the mule deer can be larger than the size of a grown man in cases. White-tailed deer are the smallest member of the deer family in North America, ranging in size from 150 to 310 … In addition, mule deer do not flash their tails in alarm. The animal gets its name from its mule-like ears. Learn more The identifying feature of white-tailed deer is their broad, white tail, especially visible when the tail stands up as the deer runs. Sometimes male whitetail deer can weigh over 400 pounds. They can detect water that is up to two feet below ground. The mule deer is the larger of the two Odocoileus species on average, with a height of 80–106 cm (31–42 in) at the shoulders and a nose-to-tail length ranging from 1.2 to 2.1 m (3.9 to 6.9 ft). A mule deer does not “flag” its tail (like a white-tailed deer), but often bounces away in a motion called “stotting,” in which all four hooves push off the ground at the same time. Not sure why, of all the places you hunt mule deer that one strikes your fancy, but good luck. Welcome to mule deer fun facts with Ranger Diana. Because of this, deer have more specific forage requirements than larger ruminants. A mule deer may not escape as fast as a white-tailed deer, but a mule deer is more effective in quickly moving through rugged terrain. Mule Deer Facts. Mule deer tails feature a black tip and appear more like a thick rope. The breeding season, called “rut,” occurs in mid-November. Size These deer range from 3.0-3.5 feet tall at the shoulder, 4.5-7.0 feet long and have a tail that is 5.0-8.0 inches long. Some populations undertake long migrations between winter and summer ranges. Test. The mating period for mule deer begins in late fall and continues into February. Another distinguishing factor is their antlers. Mule deer are one of the most iconic and beloved wildlife in the American West. White-tailed deer, however, do live in Colorado, including as close as Fort Collins, Denver and Granby, so I thought it would be insightful to talk about some of the differences and how to identify them when you do see them down the hill. Please feel free to contact us! Mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus, are found throughout Utah in many types of habitats, including neighborhoods and backyards. Mule deer are serially polygynous, one buck mates with many does. Why is mule deer and black-tailed deer habitat conservation necessary? Mule deer antlers are bifurcated; they "fork" as they grow, rather than branching from a single main beam, as is the case with white-taileds. Key Concepts: Terms in this set (55) What is the scientific name of a mule deer? Disease and parasites influence overall population health, numbers, distribution, and sex and age composition. Adaptations. The coat of mule deer ranges from dark brown gray, dark and light gray to brown and even reddish. During summer, these deer are a tannish-brown color and in winter they are brownish-gray. They have a number of interesting behaviors and traits, learn more below. Some biologists estimate that a mule deer’s sense of smell is up to 1,000 times stronger than a human’s. Interesting facts about Yorkshire Terriers. In fact, they seem to be able to live just about anywhere as long as they have food, shelter, and access to water. The mule deer (Odocileus hemionus) is a species of deer.They are sometimes called black-tailed deer.They live in western North America.Their name was given to them because of their mule-like ears.There are many subspecies, including the black-tailed deer. The MDF’s mission is necessary due to loss of habitat, predators, poaching, highways crossing through the middle of transitional ranges, and subdivisions being built on winter ranges. Rapid acquisition of memory in a complex landscape by a mule deer. Click to … Mule Deer have a very wide distribution out there. Mule deer are primarily browsers, with a majority of their diet comprised of forbs (weeds) and browse (leaves and twigs of woody shrubs). Mule Deer – Odocoileus hemionus. Fun Facts: Mule Deer are good swimmers, though they rarely use water as a means of escaping predators. Mule deer also have striking pelage markings, large antlers, and scent glands. Both species may stop and look back at the source of potential danger, but this behavior is more typical of mule deer. Inadequate habitat and severe winter weather with heavy snow accumulation and cold temperatures are the ultimate cause of most … Not sure why, of all the places you hunt mule deer that one strikes your fancy, but good luck. Mule deer The brow tines are nearly always present and usually prominent. The rump patch may be white or yellow, while the throat patch is white. These deer have large ears, which look … Source: Pixabay. weight True or False: The record antler spread for mule deer is 47.5 inches. The mule deer has a height from 80 to 106 cm (31 to 42 in) at the shoulders and a nose-to-tail length ranging from 1.2 to 2.1 m (3.9 to 6.9 ft). Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) are easy to identify due to their large mule-like ears. The habitat varies largely due to the massive range of mule deer across western North America. These bucks are considered 4-point bucks (the number of points on one side of the rack excluding the brow tines). Although this slows them down, it allows them to leave predators behind by quickly ascending steep slopes or jumping unpredictably over large obstacles. Mule deer sport main beams that fork, and then fork again. Ensuring the conservation of mule deer, black-tailed deer and their habitat. Share this Fact: View Comment. Nous voudrions effectuer une description ici mais le site que vous consultez ne nous en laisse pas la possibilité. The idea seems straightforward and promising; if we just don’t allow hunters to harvest young bucks, they will grow older and bigger and be available for harvest later. It is named for its ears, which are large like those of the mule. Does can give birth to one, two, or three fawns, though triplets are rare. DISEASE AND PARASITE OF MULE DEER Fact Sheet #11. The Mule Deer is considered to be a larger species of deer. Mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) are easy to identify due to their large mule-like ears. Nevertheless, since these majestic creatures share their inhabitants with coyotes and mountain lions, they are not easy to take down. The antlers split off from the main branch forming two branches, each branch has 2 or more tines. Brow tines are not always present. Apr 13, 2020 #6 J. Jake0588 New member. The mule deer has a height from 80 to 106 cm (31 to 42 in) at the shoulders and a nose-to-tail length ranging from 1.2 to 2.1 m (3.9 to 6.9 ft). The female deer are smaller than the male. Long-term declines in mule deer populations have been largely attributed to changes in habitat, loss of migration corridors, and predator-prey relationships; however disease places additional pressure on waning populations. Odocoileus hemionus c.) Tayassu tajacu d.) Colinus virginianus. Bucks weigh from 55 to 150 kg (121 to 331 lb), averaging around 92 kg (203 lb), while does weigh from 43 … Overall however, they can be identified not only by their ears, but also by the ever-changing color of their coat. The male deer grow antlers during the summer and fall and shed them each spring. A product of the Mule Deer Working Group - Sponsored by the Western Association of Fish & Wildlife Agencies - Approved July 2013 Produced with support from the Mule Deer Foundation (www.muledeer.org) More information on mule deer can be found at www.muledeerworkinggroup.com Shawn Gray UNDERSTANDING MULE DEER AND ANTLER POINT RESTRICTIONS The most noticeable differences between white-tailed and mule deer are the size of their ears, the color of their tails, and the configuration of their antlers. Large bucks rarely exceed 95 kg (210 pounds); does weigh about a third less. Deer loose their antlers each year and re-grow new ones from stem cells in the base of the antler. Mule Deer Bio Facts. The rocky hillside areas of Texas are where a large number of them are often spotted. The color of the mule deer’s coat changes with the seasons, from short, reddish-brown in the summer, to longer, grayish-tan in the winter months. The male deer grow antlers during the summer and fall and shed them each spring. The mule deer’s tail is black-tipped, whereas the whitetail’s is not. Lifespan. The mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus) is a deer species native to western North America. It is the smallest member of the deer family in Utah. Mule deer are social animals that typically stay in groups. Mule Deer Facts Odocoileus hemionus Physical Features Mule deer are fairly easy to identify by their large ears, here are some interesting mule deer facts about these neat animals. We are simply the best place for Whitetail Deer, Elk, Mule Deer, Red Stag, Ram, Mouflon Rams, Axis Deer, Fallow Deer, Sika Deer, Black Buck and other challenging and exciting hunting experiences in Ohio; or anywhere else. The rump patch may be white or yellow, while the throat patch is white. Mule deer are typically 3 to 3.5 feet at the shoulder and measure 4.5 to 7 feet long with a 5 to 8 inch … Reactions: teej89. Mule deer are extremely popular game animals in Utah. Mule deer have excellent hearing and eyesight that warns them of approaching dangers. Unlike the white-tailed deer, mule deer lives on land west of the Missouri River.They also live in the Rocky Mountains region of North America. Whitetail Typical white-tailed deer antlers have several antler tines that arise singly off a main beam that sweeps outward and forward from the bases. In the summer months they are brown with hints of red. Their weight can be anywhere from 95 – 330lb, however the general average is around the 200lb mark. Today is quite unique in that a major celes... tial event occurs tonight! Mule deer usually live 9-11 years in the wild and can live to be much older when in captivity. Far-West Texas is home to the Desert Mule Deer, one of eleven subspecies of Odocoileus hemionus. Don't see your question or answer here? Mule deer populations have been restored since severe depletion by market hunting took place at the end of the 19th century. Mature mule deer bucks have antlers with main beams that sweep outward and upward, forking once and then forking again. Mule deer prefer open grasslands and perk-lands, or forest edge ecosystems. Though larger than the Texas whitetail, Texas’ mule deer are smaller than their northern cousins. For many reasons, far-West Texas’ mule deer numbers have been falling irregularly for years. Mule deer have antlers that fork or branch out from numerous points. Mule deer have no upper teeth, only a hard palate. The lighter facial coloration makes the eye rings and muzzle markings seem less obvious. Mule Deer Facts. Interesting Facts About the Mule Deer. Match. The animal gets its name from its mule-like ears. The white tails of most mule deer terminate in a tuft of black hairs. Learn more Hueco Tanks State Park & Historic Site - Texas Parks and Wildlife. Ensuring the conservation of mule deer, black-tailed deer and their habitat. They are brownish-gray in color, have a white rump patch and a small white tail with a black tip. Newborn fawns spend more than 95 percent of their time hiding. 1. Mule deer, (Odocoileus hemionus), a medium-sized, gregarious deer of western North America that derives its name from its large ears. Dwinnell, S. P. H., H. Sawyer, J. E. Randall, J. L. Beck, J. S. Forbey, G. L. Fralick, and K. L. Monteith. The whitetail is the most abundant species in the United States. Mule deer are also afflicted with infectious keratoconjunctivitis, spread by flies, which affects the tissues sur-rounding the eye. Bucks weigh from 55 to 150 kg (121 to 331 lb), averaging around 92 kg (203 lb), while does weigh from 43 to 90 kg (95 to 198 lb), averaging  around 68 kg (150 lb). Meanwhile, whitetail antlers only branch out from a singular beam. They are generally considered browsers, eating twigs and other vegetative parts of woody plants, but they also eat different grasses. ... Another distinguishing factor is their antlers. Mule deer also have striking pelage markings, large antlers, and scent glands. Mule deer forage for a wide variety of plants that differ with geographical ranges and seasonally depending on what resources are available. They live in a multi-generation family of related females and their offspring. Mule deer bucks, on the other hand, have antlers that grow outward and up with forked branches. Reproduction. However, there are two major differences between the mule deer vs whitetail. There are 10 subspecies of mule deer. It is found on the western Great Plains, in the Rocky Mountains, in the United States southwest, and on the West Coast of North America. Mule Deer: Size: Whitetail deer usually weigh between about 90 to 200 pounds. Research suggests that a mule deer can detect human odor at up to a half mile away. The average lifespan for mule deer is from 8 to 10 years in the wild, while in captivity individuals may live up to 20 years. Mule deer are browsers, feeding on herbaceous plants and the leaves and twigs of woody shrubs. Known scientifically as the Odocoileus Hemionus, the mule deer is a large one, and its appearance really varies. The mule deer and the white-tailed deer are very similar in appearance. Mule deer are intermediate feeders that predominantly browse but also eat fords, small amounts of grasses, and when available fruits, nuts, and berries. Ensuring the conservation of mule deer, black-tailed deer and their habitat. Mature bucks typically have eight to 10 total points (including brow tines that exceed one inch). Under the jaw yo… The male ruminant grow antlers throughout the summer and fall and shed them every spring. Mule deer have been introduced to Argentina and Hawaii. Newborn fawns are licked clean by the doe to minimize scent and have a spotted coat to help camouflage them. Mule deer, Odocoileus hemionus, are found throughout Utah in many types of habitats, including neighborhoods and backyards. Mule deer females usually give birth to two fawns, although if it is their first time having a fawn, they often only have one. Throat, ramp and inner part of ears and legs are white. They have a brown coat in the summer and grayish coat in the winter in color, mule deer have a white rump patch and a small white tail with a black tip. The deer in this area are mule deer. Flashcards. 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